There are several threats to the heart and the diseases that affect it. So being careful with habits is never too much! Now, then, get to know some of the most well-known diseases and threats to the heart with this post by cardiocare.
Congenic cardiopatics. Congenital heart disease is considered any abnormality that still occurs in the baby’s development during pregnancy. It can thus also be identified in the uterus through tests such as ultrasound and echocardiogram. Congenital heart disease can range from mild to severe, and its treatment will depend on the diagnosis and assessment of the cardiologist.
Illnesses Are Acquired Over Time
Also popularly known as “high blood pressure.” Hypertension presents an increase in blood pressure, disrupting the proper functioning of the heart and being linked to the lack of physical exercises, a diet based on fat, and excessive consumption of salt, or as a consequence of other diseases. Therefore, your treatment may include medication prescribed by the cardiologist, change in habits – such as healthier eating and physical exercise.
It can be a consequence of hypertension; its main characteristic is the difficulty of the heart in pumping blood to the rest of the body. Thus, it can vary between mild, medium, or severe. Its symptoms can include constant and progressive tiredness, swelling of the extremities, dry cough, and shortness of breath. A cardiologist should be sought for the appropriate treatment for the case.
Also popularly known as a heart attack, it happens when there is a failure to pass blood to the heart. It usually happens when fatty plaques block the heart’s arteries – due to the accumulation of “bad” cholesterol over the years. When suffering a heart attack, the individual must go to the emergency room and then follow up with a very detailed case follow-up.
Endocarditis is an inflammation that affects the endocardium – the innermost tissue of the heart. It can usually be caused by fungi or bacteria that reach the heart after falling into the bloodstream. However, it is not its only cause. It can happen as a result of other diseases, such as cancer and autoimmune diseases.
Threats To The Heart
The threats that afflict the heart include care for mental health, the environment, and the body as a whole. Even though cardiology in cardiocare is a specialty of medicine, its object of study is part of a whole that needs to be seen. Therefore, threats to the heart are also threats to an entire organism. Some of them are:
- Sleepless nights
- Lack of physical exercise
- Environment pollution
- Flu and pneumonia
- Excessive use of alcohol