The inflammation of the pancreas is known as pancreatitis. Pancreatitis can be either chronic or acute but both of them can lead to severe complications. The pancreas is a bulky gland located at the back of stomach and near to duodenum. The pancreas secretes digestive enzymes in normal conditions but when the pancreas is inflamed, the enzymes inside it attack the tissues that produce them.
Chronic pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas which has been there for a long time and if it is left untreated, it negatively affects the structure and functions of the pancreas. Most often this problem is because of the alcohol abuse for long years. It begins as acute pancreatitis and gradually the repeated episodes can lead to chronic pancreatitis.
Other conditions that are linked to chronic pancreatitis are autoimmune problems, complications of cystic fibrosis, blockage of the pancreatic duct, hyperparathyroidism, hypertriglyceridemia, and sphincter of Oddi dysfunction etc.Abdominal pain, considerable weight loss and unhealthy look etc are its common symptoms. Digestive problems like diarrhea, vomiting, nausea and oily or fatty stools etc are also indicative of chronic pancreatitis.
Some patients may not experience constant pain and may not appear unhealthy. But the symptoms may become more frequent as the complications become severe, and bleeding, infection, as well as damage to permanent tissue, may occur if the complications are not treated.