Cervical spondylitis is also known as cervical osteoarthritis or chronic neck pain. Cervical spondylitis is a common cause of chronic neck pain. Pain in the neck and arm occur when one more nerve roots are compressed by the abnormal wear on the cartilage and bones of the neck. Also, weakness and changes in sensations occur. There are chances of spinal cord being compressed if the cases of cervical spondylitis are severe. Furthermore, the weakness or changes sensations may also occur in the legs in advanced cases of cervical spondylitis.
Caused by deterioration of vertebrae and discs in the neck, cervical spondylitis may remain lifetime if left untreated. The people that are very active at work or in sports activities may fall victim to cervical spondylosis. The major risk factor, however, is the aging. Being overweight, weightlifting tasks, past spine or neck injury and surgery and severe arthritis etc may escalate the chances of cervical spondylosis.
Neck pain, stiffness, limited movement of neck, numbness, and weakness in arms, fingers, and hands are some common symptoms in the patients suffering from cervical spondylitis. Physical examination, neck X-ray, MRI and neck EMG etc are used as the diagnostic methods for cervical spondylosis. If it is not treated timely, the complications escalate to an unbearable extent.