Aplastic anemia is a condition wherein the body stops producing the right amount of new blood cells. It is a disease that leaves one feeling fatigued with a higher risk of contracting the infection and excessive bleeding.Aplastic anemia can develop at any age and is a serious and rare condition. It may develop suddenly or grow gradually. It is a condition that results from injury to stem cells- cells that give rise to other blood cells when they divide. Therefore, there is a decline in production of three types of blood cells: Red Blood Cells (RBC), White Blood Cells (WBC’s), and Platelets. Stems cells are produced by the bone marrow.Aplastic anemia is the result of injury or infection to the bone marrow, which reduces production of all three types of blood cells and results in the following conditions:
-Reduced number of RBC’s causes hemoglobin to drop.Reduced number of WBC’s causes increased tendency for infection.
-Reduced platelets cause decreased ability of blood to clot.
-Causes of Aplastic AnemiaThere are multiple causes of aplastic anemia. Some causes are idiopathic-meaning they occur sporadically without any reason. Factors that permanently or temporarily damage bone marrow and reduce production of blood cells include:
-Radiation and chemotherapy
-Exposure to toxic chemicals- found in pesticides and insecticides. Exposure to Benzene, an ingredient in gasoline is also a cause.
-Use of some drugs: Some drugs like those for treating rheumatoid arthritis and some antibiotics cause aplastic anemia.
-Autoimmune diseases: An auto immune disorder in which the immune system of your body starts attacking your healthy cells.
Viral infection: Infections of the bone marrow resulting in aplastic anemia. Some of the viruses include hepatitis, Epstein-Barr, and HIV.
Pregnancy: Your immune system attacks your bone marrow during pregnancy
Symptoms of the Disease: Some of the symptoms of the disease are:
Irregular or rapid heart rate
Shortness of breath upon exertion
Prolonged bleeding from cuts
How is Aplastic Anemia Diagnosed?The doctor orders a blood test to test levels of WBC’s, RBC’s and Platelets. He may order further tests like
Bone marrow biopsy: The doctor removes a small sample of bone marrow from a large bone in your body. If the disease is present, there will be lesser blood cells than normal.
X-Rays, CT Scans, and Ultrasound Imaging tests.
Chest X-rays to check infections.
Viral studies for viral infections.
Liver test for liver diseases.
Tests for vitamin deficiency.
Test for antibodies.
Treatment of Aplastic AnemiaHomeopathy can prevent patients being susceptible to recurrent infection due to loss of immunity. It can prevent bleeding and prevent repeated episodes of fatigue and fever.The most effective treatment for Aplastic Anemia is constitutional homeopathic treatment. Constitutional Homeopathic treatment will stimulate the active part of the bone marrow and can stimulate the production of WBC’s and RBC’s for normal operation of the body.Constitutional treatment is a treatment where one homeopathic medicine is used to treat a number of symptoms in one person. Generally, constitutional treatment is used in treating more chronic cases.